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Asalam alaikum…

I’m Samreen Qaimi and this is my first article as I write it as my experience….

My Sub-topic is “Privacy and Data Protection” and my main topic is “Ethical and Social Issues in Information System”.

As we all know that nowadays world becomes a global village and by the blessing of Information System there is no any limitations and boundaries among the global villagers but when we see the other side of picture we come to know that by this technology we are suffering from the privacy and data protection risk too…there is nothing safe by anyone….That’s the reason, why I selected this sub-topic…just because we all should know ethical and social issues are work as the base and backbone in this information system and we have to protect the privacy of ourselves, organizations and state.

Before talk about the topic deeply let me tell u what are the Privacy and Data themselves….by simple definition  “Privacy is the claim of individuals to be left alone, free from surveillance or interference from other individuals, organizations, or the state. (The state claims to privacy are also involved at the workplaces)”…… “Data in contrast are stream of raw facts, representing events according in organization or the physical environment before they have been organized and arranged into a form that people can understand and use”

Whenever we drop our any personal or private Data anywhere for different purposes whether for any organization job or proposal, in social media profile, hotels booking, online shopping, in any hospital record etc…we people become very much conscious about our privacy and data protection. We always want to know is there anyone who is conscious about our Privacy Protection with data protection…!!!Yes there are so many Laws and Acts that are working in a very well mannered way to protect your information to be miss-used by anyone….

So, here I’m going to make you people know about some of the acts, rules, policies and laws….

First of all we are going to talk about the American and European privacy law which is based on regime called Fair Information Practice (FIP) in 1973 that is a set of principles governing the collection and use of information about individuals. In 1998 the FTC restated and extended the organized FIP to provide guidance for protecting online privacy. The FTC’s FIP principles are being used till as a guidance to drive changes in privacy legislation. On October 25 1998, the European Commission’s Directive on Data protection went into effect, bounding privacy protection in European Union (EU) nations

Then 2ndly we discuss United States’ “The Privacy Act of 1974”, has been the most important of these federal government collection use and discloser of information. By its 1st amendment guarantee of freedom of speech and association, the 4th amendment protect against unreasonable search and seizure of one’s personal documents or home, and the guarantee of due process.

In July 1998 the U.S congress passed the Children Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) requiring website to be obtained parental permission on children under the age of 13 years.

The German-Leach-Bliley ct of 1999, which repeals earlier restrictions on affiliations among banks, securities firms and insurance companies, include some privacy protection for consumers of financial services. All financial institutions are required to disclose their policies and practices for protecting the privacy of non-public personal information and to allow customers to opt out of information sharing arrangements with non- affiliated third parties.

The Health Insurance Probability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, which took effect on April 14, 2003 includes privacy protection for medical records. The law gives patients access to their personal medical records maintained by the health care providers, hospitals and health insurance and the rights to authorized how protected information about them selves can be used or disclosed.  

So hope you all enjoyed and now became relax regarding your privacy and data protection if you have any question then please get me know I will try my best to make you satisfied…

Take care and Stay blessed

By: Samreen Qaimi